Relations between the Franks and the Normans (also known as Vikings) were initially confrontational. Then, as the Vikings took hold, the exchanges became more diplomatic, until everyone was happy with it. It was in this logic that the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte was signed in 911, the birth certificate of Normandy, with decisive consequences, and whose 1100th anniversary we are celebrating this year.
Saint Simon wrote "he was capable of nothing"! It is true that his penchant for men confined him to short history, to such an extent that he was despised by historians. On the other hand, his "women" weren't really kind to him; being the King's brother was not easy to bear, like all the second in families.
At the Battle of Hattin on July 4, 1187, Saladin defeated the army of the King of Jerusalem, Guy de Lusignan, and his turbulent ally Renaud de Châtillon at the place called the Horns of Hattin, near Lake Tiberias. This is the last step in Saladin's recapture of Jerusalem since he succeeded in unifying Muslims under the banner of jihad.
Prosopography, or the biographical study of historical figures, has been in vogue for several years in historiography. The biography of Georg Friedrich Handel, written by Marc Belissa, is no exception to this renewed tradition. Lecturer in Modern History at the University of Paris Ouest-Nanterre La Défense (Paris X), Marc Belissa is a specialist in the 18th century and the Enlightenment.
Adapted from a successful young novel by British writer Rosemary Sutcliffe, published in 1954, The Eagle of the Ninth Legion takes us on a quest for a Roman centurion and his slave in 2nd century AD England. time. Focusing on human relationships and the beauty of natural settings over raw action, director Kevin Macdonald (The Last King of Scotland) delivers an astonishing film that primarily reflects political thinking.
The Vieil-Armand or Hartmannswillerkopf, is a battlefield of the Great War almost intact. Nicknamed Hartmannswillerkopf by the Germans, this battlefield remains largely unknown because it is obscured by the great names of war, such as Verdun, Artois or Chemin des Dames. However, it played a significant role and it was the scene of some of the deadliest fighting in the war.