Information

Temple of Taffeh


The Temple of Taffeh, was ordered to be built by Roman Emperor Augustus in Egypt, after his defeat of Cleopatra and Marc Antony. It was built between 25 BC and 14AD.

Today the Temple of Taffeh can be found in the Dutch National Museum of Antiquities (RMO).

The Temple of Taffeh is an ancient Egyptian temple which was presented to the Netherlands in recognition for its help in contributing to the historical preservation of Egyptian antiquities during the 1960s.

The temple was built of sandstone between 25 BCE and 14 CE during the rule of the Roman emperor Augustus. It was part of the Roman fortress known as Taphis and measures 6.5 by 8 metres. At the time Egypt was part of the Roman Empire and the Egyptian gods were venerated far and wide.

The temple was built after the Roman conquest of Lower Nubia. The building blocks arrived roughly hewn from the quarries and were shaped on the building site. The walls consist of twelve layers, up to and including the cornices. The stones were once white, but they have turned brown over the centuries.

The architectural style is traditional Egyptian. Alterations were made in the 4th century AD and then again in the eighth century. Six columns with capitals support the roof. The façade is decorated with winged sun disks and cobras. From the 13th century onwards, the Nubians used the temple mainly as accommodation for humans and animals.

The temple survived in good condition in Egypt for several centuries. However, due to the construction of the Aswan Dam, many ancient sites in the area had to be moved to secure their preservation. Several of these sites, including the Temple of Taffeh, were gifted by the Egyptian government to other nations in gratitude for their assistance in this project.

The temple is located in the entrance hall of the Museum and does not require a ticket to visit.

When the temple was reassembled in its new Dutch home, it was pieced back together within a new wing of the museum specifically built to protect the old structure from the European climate. The bright, airy space lets natural light highlight the restored temple.

An English-language sound-and-light show is staged at the Temple of Taffeh daily at 1.30pm.

The National Museum of Antiquities (RMO) is located in Leiden’s historical city centre, 10 minutes’ walk from Leiden central railway station.


1. History

The Temple of Literature was originally founded under Ly Thanh Tong’s dynasty in 1070 to honor Confucius, known as Văn Miếu (“Văn” means Literature, “Miếu” means Temple).

Six years later, in 1076, Quoc Tu Giam was built behind the Temple of Literature, and became Vietnam’s Imperial Academy, a prestigious school for top academics shortly after, under the reign of King Ly Nhan Tong.

The Temple of Literature Hanoi 1896.

At first, the Imperial Academy as a royal school was opened for only members of the elite such as princes, nobles, and bureaucrats. Later on, in 1253, under Tran Thai Tong’s dynasty, Imperial Academy was expanded as National Academy to accept the civilians’ children who had excellent academic abilities.

Under the reign of King Tran Minh Tong, Chu Van An was appointed Quoc Tu Giam’s mandarin, as today’s principal, who directly taught the princes. In 1370, after his death, King Tran Nghe Tong worshiped him at the Literature Temple which was located next to the Confucius.

Panorama view of Van Mieu Area.

In late Le dynasty, Confucianism became very popular. In 1484, King Le Thanh Tong set up stelae for those who passed the doctoral exam from 1442 onwards. Each stele was placed on turtle’s back which is symbol of the longevity & wisdom. Under King Le Thanh Tong’s dynasty (1460-1497), exactly 12 examinations were held every three years.

In 1802, the Nguyen dynasty’s monarchs founded the capital in Hue where they established a new Imperial Academy. During this period, the Literature Temple was called “Van Mieu Bac Thanh” (Literature Temple of the Northern Citadel) and later changed to “Van Mieu Hanoi” (Hanoi’s Literature Temple). As for Quoc Tu Giam, it became the school of Hoai Duc prefecture and then developed into the Khai Thanh Shrine, a place for honoring Confucius’ parents. By this time, the Pavilion of Constellation was also built next to the side of square well.

In 1906, the Temple of Literature was ranked as a historical and cultural vestige by the General Governor to Indochina. Unfortunately, during the French war (1946-1954), the Literature Temple was almost destroyed because of bombs.


History PhD

Cultivate deep knowledge across historical periods and current methodologies to become a professional historian with the Doctor of Philosophy in History in Temple University’s College of Liberal Arts. This doctoral degree program is intended to provide students with the foundation for professional careers in academia or public history. It requires either 24 credits beyond the Master of Arts in History or 39 credits beyond the Bachelor of Arts in History.

Faculty members in the History PhD specialize and offer substantial expertise in

  • anti-colonial movements,
  • cultural history,
  • diplomatic history,
  • gender,
  • imperialism,
  • international history,
  • military history,
  • political history,
  • race and ethnicity,
  • religious history,
  • sexuality, and
  • social history.

Although training is offered in many different historical eras, most doctoral students produce dissertations that focus on the 18th, 19th or 20th century. Many choose to focus on the history of North America.

The History PhD curriculum emphasizes the following two thematic areas.

As a graduate, you will be prepared for college- and university-level tenured and tenure-track teaching positions, and as historians for the federal and state governments, as well as in museums, university presses and as university administrators.

Public History Practicum

The Public History Practicum course allows students the opportunity to intern in historical organizations while learning in periodic classroom meetings. Internships balance student interests with the needs of partnering institutions. Each student must complete 140 hours of work under the supervision of an experienced public history professional, in addition to writing assignments devised and evaluated by a faculty internship supervisor.

Students must contact the director of the Center for Public History about their intent to enroll by no later than the midpoint of the semester preceding the practicum.

Seth C. Bruggeman is the director of the Center for Public History at Temple University.
Phone: 215-204-9744
Email: [email protected]

The Barnes Club Conference

The Barnes Club Conference is one of the largest and most prestigious graduate student conferences in the region, drawing participants from across the nation and around the world. The annual two-day conference takes place in March during the spring semester. It gives rising scholars the opportunity to present their projects, receive critical feedback, and network to establish and expand their academic communities. Select conference papers are awarded cash prizes in various geographical and scholarly categories.

History PhD students host the James A. Barnes Club Graduate Student Conference each year.

Program Format & Curriculum

Classes for the History PhD program are offered in-person on Temple’s Main Campus. The degree program must be completed on a full-time basis and culminates in preliminary examinations, general examinations, a dissertation prospectus and a dissertation.

Students may take up to seven years to complete the History PhD. Completion of the program requires either 24 credits beyond the Master of Arts in History or 39 credits beyond the Bachelor of Arts in History.

Courses you are likely to take as part of the curriculum include

  • Atlantic Revolutions,
  • Digital History,
  • Gender in History,
  • Nonprofit Management for Historians and
  • Studies in the Cold War.

Tuition & Fees

In keeping with Temple’s commitment to access and affordability, this Doctor of Philosophy offers a competitive level of tuition with multiple opportunities for financial support.

Tuition rates are set annually by the university and are affected by multiple factors, including program degree level (undergraduate or graduate), course load (full- or part-time), in-state or out-of-state residency, and more. These tuition costs apply to the 2020–2021 academic year.

Pennsylvania resident: $942.00 per credit
Out-of-state: $1,297.00 per credit

For questions regarding the History PhD, contact the following staff member.

Vangeline Campbell is the coordinator of the History PhD.
Phone: 215-204-7839
Email: [email protected]

The following staff members lead the History Department.

Eileen Ryan is the chair of the History Department.
Email: [email protected]

Alan McPherson is the graduate chair of the History Department.
Phone: 215-204-7466
Email: [email protected]

Yvonne Muchemi is an administrator in the History Department.
Phone: 215-204-6678
Email: [email protected]

Djuna Witherspoon is a coordinator in the History Department.
Phone: 215-204-4997
Email: [email protected]

Supplement your History PhD coursework and enhance your graduate education experience through student clubs and organizations. You’ll meet and network with other students, become involved with the community, and build invaluable skills to help you realize your personal and professional goals.

The James A. Barnes Club fosters a sense of community among graduate students in the History Department. The club works to address the concerns and issues that graduate students face each day. It serves as a vital liaison between graduate history students and the history department, informing students about department events and voicing concerns to faculty. It also informs students about department events and activities, conference and career opportunities, and club social events.

Temple’s study away programs offer you the opportunity to spend an academic year, semester or summer abroad. Complete coursework, participate in internships or collaborate in research while immersing yourself in the culture, history and people of your host city.


Beyond Amsterdam

A Few Other Must-See Netherlands Destinations

Leiden

Archaeological Museum

Leiden’s most appealing quarter is Rapenburg, between Witte Singel and Breestraat. This peaceful area of narrow pedestrian streets and canals is home to the Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Holland’s principal archaeological museum.

The Temple of Taffeh

One of its major exhibits, the Temple of Taffeh, is set in the courtyard in front of the entrance. A gift from the Egyptian government, the temple dates back to the first century AD and was originally devoted to the goddess Isis (and later adapted as a Christian church).

Egyptian artifacts fill the interior—wall reliefs, statues, sarcophagi and mummies—along with classical Greek and Roman sculpture. The temple also houses exhibits chronicling the archaeological history of Holland through prehistoric, Roman and medieval times.

Farther along Rapenburg, past the original university building, are the Hortus Botanicus first planted in 1587, they are among the oldest botanical gardens in Europe.

Leiden’s Botanical Gardens

Across Rapenburg, a network of narrow streets converges on the Pieterskerk. While now deconsecrated, it still bears the tomb of John Robinson, a pilgrim who lived on the site of what is now the Jan Pesijn Hofje, at Kloksteeg 21.

East of here, Breestraat marks the edge of Leiden’s commercial centre. Beyond Breestraat, the two rivers converge at the busiest point in town, the site of a vigorous Wednesday and Saturday market that sprawls over a sequence of bridges into the pedestrian Haarlemmerstraat, the town’s major shopping street.

Close by, de Burcht is the shell of a fortress perched on a mound. While rather ordinary, it does offer a great view over Leiden’s roofs and towers.

The nearby Hooglandsekerk is a light, lofty church with a central pillar that features an epitaph to Pieter van der Werff, the burgomaster during the 1574 siege by the Spanish.

Municipal Museum

The Last Judgment

Leiden’s municipal museum is a short walk away in the old Lakenhal. Exhibits include furniture, tiles, glass and ceramics along with a collection of paintings centred on Lucas van Leyden’s “Last Judgement” triptych.

You find canvases by Jacob van Swanenburgh (the young Rembrandt’s first teacher), and a few by Rembrandt himself. Work by Leiden-area painters is also on display, among them Jan Lievens, with whom Rembrandt shared a studio.

You’ll also find the work of Gerard Dou, the artist who initiated the Leiden tradition of small, minutely finished pictures.

Around the corner on Molenwerf, you’ll find the Molenmuseum de Valk. Located in a restored grain mill (20 of them used to surround Leiden), it depicts living quarters furnished in simple period style, and offers a slide show recounting the history of Holland’s windmills.

Molenmuseum De Valk

Last but not least, the Rijksmuseum Voor Volkenkunde national museum of ethnology includes complete sections on Indonesia and the Dutch colonies.


National Museum of Antiquities (Rijksmuseum van Oudheden)

Had a wonderful visit with my family. Loved the collection which is marvellous! Especially the artefacts covering ancient Egyptian time. To my personal opinion, only the British Museum in London can match this. The temporary exhibit (untill 15 march 2020) was on Cyprus.

The museum consists of three floorws and is housed in a fantastic, historical building, in the middle of the historical town centre of Leiden (Rapenburg). It's completely accessible: we brought our 8 month old son in his buggy and had no problems in navigating the museum. Baby changing facilities are located in the disabled toilet on the ground floor.

In the entrance hall of the museum you can find and visit the Temple of Taffeh (free of charge, as it is before the ticket barriers), which was gifted to the Netherlands. The audio tour is free of charge too (but behind the ticket barriers). Museum staff was very friendly and helpful.

One note in regard to parking: some reviews here complain about parking, but this has absolutely nothing to do with the museum itself. People who complain about parking, have themselves to blame for not planning their journey properly: The museum is located in the middle of the historical city centre of Leiden. so it's completely logical that there isn't a large parking garage to accommodate visitors.

My advice is to plan your journey ahead, be sure you know where to park in Leiden or check the museum website if you don't and/or are not familiar with the historical centre of Leiden. If you come by public transport: the museum is about a ten minute walk away from the Leiden Central station.

Concluding this review: this is a must visit if you like museums with ancient artefacts!


Top 13 Ancient Egyptian temples:

Only the Egyptian pharaohs and priests had access to the temples, although the people could only reach the courtyards during the ceremonies. The rituals that were carried out in them revolved around achieving the protection of the people against the dark energies, and thus to seek the prosperity of ancient Egypt.

1-Karnak temple

Karnak Temple. A complex that not only housed the seat of the great god Amon but also constituted the site of numerous chapels and temples dedicated to other gods.
The Karnak Temple is the largest in Egypt and was throughout history a vast source of knowledge regarding Egyptian culture and deities. Even today, excavations continue to bring to light new discoveries. This is not surprising considering that it was built between 2200 and 360 BC by different pharaohs such as Hatshepsut, Seti I, Ramses II and Ramses III.

The enclosure where the Karnak Temple has located measures 2,400 meters in perimeter and is surrounded by an 8-meter thick adobe wall. The main enclosure for the Temple of Amun retains inside other temples such as those of Khonsu, Ptah, Osiris, the Temple of divine regeneration of Taharqa, Jubilee Temple of Amenhotep II and Ramses III. There are also chapels such as the Tripartite Chapel of the Boat of Seti II.
In Ancient Egypt, the construction of temples always began at the sanctuary, which means that Karnak was started at the center and completed at the entrances to the enclosure. The whole complex was richly decorated and painted in bright colors. The Great Temple of Amon was built along two main axes (east to west and north to south). The core of the temple was located on a mound that must have been sacred, and from this point, the temple expanded and not just towards the Nile, as would have been the case.

2-Luxor temple

Temple of Luxor. Started by Amenophis III and finished by Ramses II, dedicated to Amon-Ra, Mut.
Two great builders as Amenhotep III and Ramses II were the main responsible for the construction of the temple dedicated to Amun: during the rule of Amenhotep III was built the interior, and the outer enclosure was built under the mandate of Ramses II. But they were not the only ones who left their mark on the great temple. Tutankhamun, Horemheb and even Alexander the Great himself mobilized their workers in pursuit of immortalization.

The temple follows quite faithfully the model of the classical constructions: it consists of a large central courtyard, a hypostyle room, a vestibule, and a sanctuary. The entrance to the temple was decorated with a poem by Pentaur, alluding to the value of the pharaoh in battle. Two obelisks were erected at the front: one of them, 25 meters high, remains there, while the other was moved to Place de la Concorde in Paris in 1836 as a gift from Mohamed Ali.

The entrance is also where the seated statues of Ramses II are located, of unimaginable size, decorated with images of prisoners representing the nine peoples conquered by Egypt. They are made of gray granite and measure more than 15 meters and a half high.
The courtyard is composed of 74 columns in which you can see the pharaoh with different deities. In the center, a sanctuary consists of three chapels, dedicated to Amun, Mut, and Khonsu, decorated by Ramses II. They served as storage for the sacred boats.

3-Dendera Temple complex

Dendera is a small village located on the west bank of the Nile, 60 km north of Luxor. The temple of Dendera, also known as the House of Hathor, is dedicated to Hathor, the goddess of love, joy, and beauty, who the Greeks assimilate with their Aphrodite.

The Temple was built between 30 BC, making it one of the newest temples in Egypt. However, it was built on top of an older temple, the date of which is still unclear. It is likely that the design of the “new” temple was based on the previous one.

The Hathor temple has a square shape and is surrounded by a portico with columns and thick walls that rise to half the height of the columns. We can find many reliefs of figures and rituals on the outside of the temple.

4-Abydos temple

This temple is located in the area of Kom el-Sultan and is practically accompanied by both the temple of Seti I and the temple of Ramses II, as for its age the temple dates in the records from the First Dynasty, which is estimated according to various sites and remains found in the place and identifying that time.

The Temple has not been completely preserved and is worse preserved than the cenotaph Temple of Seti I, but its structure can be completely seen. From the façade, only the lower rows of the second pylon are preserved. As for decoration, there are still many reliefs with their corresponding polychromy, many of them excellently preserved in spite of being outdoors.

5-Temple of Taffeh

It was built during the Roman period in Egypt, at the whim of Emperor Augustus. Although it was initially an offering in honor of the goddess Isis, in reality, it was part of the military Roman fortress Tapis, in the south of the country. Eventually, it became a temple for Christian worship.

6-Mortuary temple of Hatshepsut

Built by Hatshepsut, the first pharaoh in history, this temple of fine geometric lines is radically different from all the others since it was not built by dragging stones and raising pylons and columns, but was excavated on the Deir el-Bahari escarpment, behind the Valley of the Kings. In some way, it reflects feminine refinement, both in its elegant, almost modern lines and in the beautiful polychrome paintings on its porticos that tell of the Egyptians’ trade expeditions to Somalia.

7-The Temple of Horus at Edfu

It is the second-largest temple in Egypt (after Karnak) and probably the best-preserved. It remained almost completely covered by desert sand until the end of 1800, which is why it is in such good condition.

The temple was dedicated to the God Horus, All this central area is covered, and on these ceilings, at one time there were large polychromatic murals. If you go out through any of the sides you will reach an open gallery, in whose walls innumerable hieroglyphics are preserved almost intact, which have been a source of invaluable information for historians. It is, without a doubt, their greatest treasure.

8-Kom Ombo temple

It’s located about 50 km from Aswan. It began to be built under the Ptolemaic dynasty in the second century BC and its main feature, and that makes it unique, is that it is a group divided into two symmetrical temples, each dedicated to a different god. The southern half was dedicated to the god Sobek, represented with a crocodile head, while the northern half was dedicated to the god Horus, with a falcon head. Therefore it was formed by two entrances, two sanctuaries, and two hypostyle rooms, although there are also common areas.

9-Abu Simbel

Abu Simbel is one of the most historically interesting archaeological sites in Ancient Egypt. It was built under the rule of Ramses II (ca. 1274 BC), in homage to the Battle of Kadesh, as well as being dedicated to the worship of Amun, Ra, and Ptah. The purpose of this magnificent construction, which lasted about 20 years, was to impress the people of the south and expand the Egyptian religion in the region.

Accompanying the Great Temple is another smaller – but equally beautiful, which honors the queen Nefertari and the goddess Hathor.
In 1964, the entire site was moved stone by stone some 231 km southwest of Aswan on the western shore of Lake Nasser. Today, it is the Open Air Museum of Nubia and Aswan, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

10-Temple of Ellesyia

In the 15th century BC, Pharaoh Thutmose III ordered the construction of a temple to worship the gods Amun, Horus, and Satis. This work, which belonged to the 18th dynasty, was located between the first two waterfalls of the Nile River, being excavated and inserted into the rock itself. On this occasion, the Egyptian government decided to donate it to another country, the cradle of civilization. Thus, in 1965, Italy received with gratitude this monumental gift of incalculable patrimonial value. Today, after being completely restored in 1990, it has become one of the stars of the Egyptian Museum in Turin.

11-Temple of Dendur

The origin of this sanctuary dedicated to the goddess Isis dates back to the Year 15 BC by order of Emperor Augustus, at the time of Gaius Petronius, Prefect of Egypt. Originally erected in Dendur (Nubia), it had to be moved to be preserved. The first stop of its 642 blocks was the island of Elephantine. Since 1967, the magnificent reliefs of Isis, Osiris, Horus, accompanied by lotus flower motifs, can be seen at the MET in New York thanks to the donation that the Arab Republic of Egypt made in 1965 to the United States Government.

12-Temple of Khnum

Temple of Khnum (Esna)54 km. south of Luxor, the Nile up, very close to the pier of Esna, is found, sunk in a moat of nine meters deep, the temple of Jnum or, better said, a small part of it, the one corresponding to the Roman period, since the rest still remains unexcavated. The roof is supported by 18 columns with various floral capitals, palm leaves, lotus blossoms… and even grape clusters. The most singular are the engravings on the walls, in which you can see Roman emperors making offerings to the local gods dressed as pharaohs.

13-Philae Temple

Everything is extraordinary in this delightful temple dedicated to Isis, the Egyptian goddess who came to be venerated throughout the Roman Empire and located on a small island between the first and second Aswan Dam, from the bougainvillea that adorns its surroundings to the wonderful views that can be enjoyed from almost anywhere. The most surprising thing, however, is that this temple was deconstructed, stone by stone, on its original site under the waters of the dam and rebuilt in all its splendor on the small island of Agilkia, twenty meters above.


Temple of Artemis

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Temple of Artemis, also called Artemesium, temple at Ephesus, now in western Turkey, that was one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The great temple was built by Croesus, king of Lydia, about 550 bce and was rebuilt after being burned by a madman named Herostratus in 356 bce . The Artemesium was famous not only for its great size, over 350 by 180 feet (about 110 by 55 metres), but also for the magnificent works of art that adorned it. The temple was destroyed by invading Goths in 262 ce and was never rebuilt. Little remains of the temple (though there are many fragments, especially of sculptured columns, in the British Museum). Excavation has revealed traces of both Croesus’s and the 4th-century temple and of three earlier smaller ones.

Copies survive of the famous statue of Artemis, an un-Greek representation of a mummylike goddess, standing stiffly straight with her hands extended outward. The original statue was made of gold, ebony, silver, and black stone. The legs and hips were covered by a garment decorated with reliefs of animals and bees, and the top of the body was festooned with many breasts her head was adorned with a high-pillared headdress.

This article was most recently revised and updated by Noah Tesch, Associate Editor.


Temple of Olympian Zeus, Athens

The Temple of Olympian Zeus in Athens, also known as the Olympieion, was built over several centuries starting in 174 BCE and only finally completed by Roman emperor Hadrian in 131 CE. Its unusually tall columns and ambitious layout made the temple one of the largest ever built in the ancient world.

Historical Overview

Located south-east of Athens' acropolis near the River Ilissos, the temple would become the city's largest. The site shows evidence of habitation from the Neolithic period while Pausanias claimed the ancient sanctuary to Zeus was first created at the site by the mythical figure of Deukalion. The earliest archaeological evidence of a temple in the area dates to the 6th century BCE. The tyrant Peisistratos the Younger began to build a new and much bigger Doric temple in 515 BCE. The plans were devised by the architects Antistates, Callaeschrus, and Antimachides but work got no further than the limestone base before Peisistratos was deposed and the project was abandoned.

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Building work began again in 174 BCE under Antiochos IV Epiphanes, the King of Syria. He employed the skills of the Roman architect Cossutius and by 163 BCE the columns and entablature of the now Corinthian order temple were finally erected. Unfortunately, once again the project fell by the wayside upon the death of Antiochos. Another couple of centuries passed before no less a figure than Hadrian, during his stay in Athens between 124 and 125 CE, took up the construction again. Sulla had actually stolen a few of the columns in 86 BCE for re-use in Rome's Temple of Jupiter and Augustus had dabbled a little with rebuilding the temple in the early 1st century CE but it was Hadrian, the great philhellene, who finally managed to finish one of the biggest ever ancient temples in 131 CE.

Between 124 and 132 CE a rectangular precinct wall was built around the temple, Roman baths were added to the site, and a monumental arch 18 m high, Hadrian's Arch, set at the entrance to the new sanctuary area. Also in 131/2 CE, the Temple of Zeus Panhellenios was built to the south of the main temple and in 150 CE the Temple of Kronos and Rhea added nearby. These buildings were then enclosed within the main complex by the Valerian Wall, a fortification built between 256 and 260 CE. In 450 CE the Basilica Olympieion was built along the northern side of the original precinct wall.

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Layout & Dimensions

The temple was given extra grandeur by being built in an open space of 250 x 130 m. This area was enclosed by a low poros wall buttressed with regularly spaced Corinthian columns set along the interior face. A propylon gate in Hymettan marble was placed in the north-west corner of the wall. In the centre of this rectangle the massive marble Temple of Zeus measured 110.35 x 43.68 m. The Corinthian columns are unusually tall at 17.25 m and have a diameter of 1.7 m and 20 flutes. The long side presented 20 columns each and the short sides 8 (dipteral octastyle). These were placed in double rows along the length and triple rows at each short side. Thus there were originally 104 columns. The columns are capped by highly decorative Corinthian capitals carved from two massive blocks of marble. Within the cella were gigantic chryselephantine (gold and ivory) statues of Zeus and the temple's main benefactor Hadrian, who was given equal status to the great Greek god.

The temple suffered over the centuries and much of its material was re-used in other buildings so that today only 15 of the temple's columns are still standing, 2 in the south-west corner and 13 at the south-east corner. One other column collapsed as recently as 1852 CE in a storm and now lies across the site with its column drums picturesquely spread along a perfect line.


Exaltation: A Family Affair

President Nelson: Exaltation is a family affair. Only through the saving ordinances of the gospel of Jesus Christ can families be exalted. The ultimate end for which we strive is that we become happy as a family—endowed, sealed, and prepared for eternal life in the presence of God.

Sister Nelson: Each Church class we attend, each time we serve, each covenant we make with God, each priesthood ordinance we receive, everything we do in the Church leads us to the holy temple, the house of the Lord. There is so much power available for a couple and for their children through the sealing ordinance when they keep their covenants.

President Nelson: Every day we choose where we want to live eternally by how we think, feel, speak, and act. Our Heavenly Father has declared that His work and His glory is to bring to pass the immortality and eternal life of His children (see Moses 1:39). But He wants us to choose to return to Him. He will not force us in any way. The precision with which we keep our covenants shows Him just how much we want to return to live with Him. Each day brings us closer to or farther from our glorious possibility of eternal life. We each need to keep our covenants, repent daily, and seek to be more like our Savior. Then and only then can families be together forever.

Sister Nelson: It is my testimony that however fabulous your life is right now, or however discouraging and heartbreaking it may be, your involvement in temple and family history work will make it better. What do you need in your life right now? More love? More joy? More self-mastery? More peace? More meaningful moments? More of a feeling that you’re making a difference? More fun? More answers to your soul-searching questions? More heart-to-heart connections with others? More understanding of what you are reading in the scriptures? More ability to love and to forgive? More ability to pray with power? More inspiration and creative ideas for your work and other projects? More time for what really matters?

I entreat you to make a sacrifice of time to the Lord by increasing the time you spend doing temple and family history work, and then watch what happens. It is my testimony that when we show the Lord we are serious about helping our ancestors, the heavens will open and we will receive all that we need.

President Nelson: We can be inspired all day long about temple and family history experiences others have had. But we must do something to actually experience the joy ourselves. I would like to extend a challenge to each one of us so that the wonderful feeling of this work can continue and even increase. I invite you to prayerfully consider what kind of sacrifice—preferably a sacrifice of time—you can make in order to do more temple and family history work this year.

We are engaged in the work of Almighty God. He lives. Jesus is the Christ. This is His Church. We are His covenant children. He can count on us.


Watch the video: TEMPLE OF ISIS - LEIDEN ANTIQUITIES MUSEUM (January 2022).