While not destined to become queen, let alone empress, Victoria nevertheless embodies the British century alone, the 19th century which saw Britain victorious over Napoleon dominate the world, both militarily and economically and ideologically. Such a fate lent itself easily to the romantic, especially with a queen of such a personality, who had become "the grandmother of Europe" and the living symbol of the British Empire.
Crossroads of the Mediterranean, Sicily welcomed the Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians and Romans. With the fall of the Western Roman Empire, she saw the Vandals set foot on her soil before the Byzantines, led by Emperor Justinian's General Belisarius, in turn conquered the island.
The central character of this magnificent comic, the designer himself, was only 2 years old. Product of a Breton mother, in love ready to follow her husband to the end of the world and of a Syrian father, a brilliant student at the Sorbonne soon to graduate with a doctorate in contemporary history, the fair-haired boy awakens to the world and gives it back to us in its own way, an emotional sponge wandering through several cultures.
As early as the mid-ninth century, the weakened Carolingian Empire was the target of Viking raids. Tough warriors from Scandinavia spread terror on the coasts of northern Europe, and ascending the rivers aboard their famous boats, the longships, infiltrate into the interior.
Hásteinn, Viking chieftain, born in 810, is a famous Viking chieftain who led expeditions throughout the Frankish kingdom, Spain and as far as Italy. He has become an almost legendary character; From the 860s, myth seemed to replace reality with regard to some of his expeditions.
Thirty years ago, the fall of the Berlin Wall heralded the end of the Cold War. On this occasion, France 2 broadcasts from Tuesday 5 November a new episode of the series of Isabelle Clarke and Daniel Costelle: Apocalypse. Entitled & 34; The War of the Worlds & 34 ;, this new opus looks back on more than forty years of the cold war which are, in fact, only a succession of hot wars: Indochina, Korea, Vietnam, Afghanistan… interspersed with perilous confrontations between East and West.
Eugénie de Montijo, last Empress of the French, reminds Marie-Antoinette a lot. When one was the "Austrian" the other will be the "Spanish". They are world famous for their taste in jewelry, "dresses", adornment and pageantry. Both gave life to a style: the "Marie Antoinette" style and the "Louis XVI - Empress" style.
In the year 843, Charles the Bald (823, 877), last son of King Louis the Pious (778, † 840), gathered a general plea of all the dignitaries of his new kingdom, West Francia. The meeting takes place in Germigny-des-Prés, a town classified as a World Heritage Site by Unesco. To the kingdom of Charles the Bald This kingdom falls to him following the partition ratified during the Treaty of Verdun (843) and which shares the lands of the Frankish Empire between his two brothers and himself: • Louis said the Germanic receives the eastern part of the Empire, Eastern Francia: Bavaria, the provinces of Alemania and Franconia as well as Saxony; • Charles receives lands located to the west of the Escaut-Meuse-Saône-Rhône line, namely Western Francie, Aquitaine, Septimanie; • Lothaire receives a kingdom enclosed between the two parts of his brothers, Francie Médiane, which from Friesland to Provence including Lotharingia and Italy.
Relations between the Franks and the Normans (also known as Vikings) were initially confrontational. Then, as the Vikings took hold, the exchanges became more diplomatic, until everyone was happy with it. It was in this logic that the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte was signed in 911, the birth certificate of Normandy, with decisive consequences, and whose 1100th anniversary we are celebrating this year.
Very speaking, this tomb to the glory of the Vendée chief was paradoxically made in the 19th century by the descendant of one of his enemies. As a sign of reconciliation, it was under the hammer blows of a republican soldier's son that this marble block was transformed into an apotheosis of the royalist general and, through him, into an exaltation of goodness and humanism. triumphant!
How did our ancestors live thousands of years ago? It may seem difficult to answer this question. The constant progress of this science of Prehistory and the new discoveries brought to light by archaeologists provide us with more and more data that allow us to better answer them.
Telling Guillaume Dubois, cardinal exhausted by the memorialist Saint-Simon who saw in him a stingy, perfidious and overly ambitious man, remained in the collective memories for the film by Bertrand Tavernier, & 34; Let the party begin & 34 ;, This is the task that Pierre-André Jamin had set for himself, judging the cardinal if not relatively unknown, at least unrecognized.
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Hyacinthe Rigaud (1659-1743) was the French portrait painter of the Court and of Kings in the Grand Siècle, described by Madame La Palatine in this way: “there is a painter here, Rigo, who stutters so horribly that he needs a quarter of hour for each word. He sings in perfection and while singing he does not stutter in the least ”.
Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow, certainly the most famous criminal couple of the twentieth century will have inspired many artists from Fritz Lang to Arthur Penn. May 23, 1934, Black Lake, Louisiana. A Ford V8 is advancing rapidly on the road to Paroisse Bienville, suddenly a deluge of fire descends on its driver and passenger.
In the 17th century, there appeared an Italian custom of "going out into the world with three people": the husband, the wife and the sigisbée, which some call "the marriage of three". These particular characters that were the sigisbees, could be assimilated to the "knight servant" of the noble lady, in Italy of the XVIII th century.
Juger Pétain is a history album centered around the trial of Marshal Pétain. This comic is the result of a concerted effort between the documentary filmmaker and the cartoonist, Sébastien Vassant, both familiar with achievements in the field of history, with a view to legitimizing this transposition of the l & 39; audiovisual to comics, Philippe Saada evokes in an interview with Glénat that the codes and aesthetics of comics confer an "infinite freedom compared to the filmed archive which is poor and necessarily limits the narration.
The largest country in South America, Brazil is beyond clichés a country with a rich history strongly influenced by Portuguese colonization. With abundant natural resources, Brazil experienced strong economic growth in the previous century as social inequalities increased.
The period of the French Revolution is often seen above all as a violent confrontation between two orders, the Third Estate and the nobility, with the culmination of the execution of Louis XVI in 1793. The religious factor is partly relegated to the second plan. However, the clergy is an order too, at least as powerful as the nobility, and above all religion holds a central place in a very religious France and within a monarchy of divine right.
A region straddling France and Spain, historic Catalonia is marked by a very strong culture forged by a unique history, where the desire for independence has always been asserted. From the Muslim raids to the Mediterranean empire formed with Aragon, through the March created by Charlemagne, to the decisive turn of the 15th century and the rapprochement with Castile, here is the story, too little known in France, of the Medieval Catalonia.
July 11 is Sea Day in China, commemorating the departure of Grand Admiral Zheng He's first expedition in 1405 to the Indian Ocean. On April 26, 2017, China launched its second Chinese aircraft carrier. On May 14, 2017, President Xi Jinping invoked Zheng's peaceful expeditions to promote the harmonious model of co-development of the New Silk Roads to world leaders.